Petroleum Hydrocarbon Ranges
The analytical technique and methodology used for petroleum hydrocarbon (PHC) testing depends on the carbon atom range of the petroleum products of interest. There are general guidelines for the ranges of gasoline, diesel, residual range organics, oil-range organics, etc. (see below), but each state and, sometimes, each site within a state, may change the boundaries of each range to target their specific analytes of interest based on the cleanup criteria, toxicity, and type of product spilled.
In addition some states have specific prescribed petroleum hydrocarbon methods for each range, and some even for each class of hydrocarbons (aliphatic or aromatic) being tested. As of January 2012, these states are AK, AZ, CT, FL, ID (NW TPH), MA, MI, MO (GC/MS), MN (WI Methods), MT (MA Methods) MS, NJ , OK, OR (NW TPH), PA, TN, TX, WA (NW TPH), and WI. This list may not be inclusive. Please call the laboratory for current information.
Petroleum Fractions by Carbon Range
Chemical Analysis Overview
The following table gives the various analytical tests and their corresponding typical carbon ranges.
|TEST||TYPICAL CARBON RANGE*|
|Fuel Scan||C6-C40||Semi Quantitative|
|Gasoline range organics (GRO)||C6-C12||Quantitative|
|Diesel range organics (DRO)||C10-C28||Quantitative|
|Oil range organics (ORO)||C20-C35||Quantitative|
|Residual range organics (RRO)||C25-C36||Quantitative|
|Volatile petroleum hydrocarbons (VPH)||C5-C12 ALIPHATICS** + C9-C10 AROMATICS***||Quantitative|
|Extractable petroleum hydrocarbons (EPH)||C9-C36 ALIPHATICS** + C11-C22 AROMATICS***||Quantitative|